Treatments Offered


Please see below list of treatments, select a treatment to learn more:

  • Electrotherapies

  • Massage/Manual Therapy

  • Passive Range of Movement

  • Therapeutic ultrasound

  • Phototherapy and Red and Blue Light Laser Therapy

  • Thermotherapy – Cold and Hot (superficial vs. deep)

  • Transcutaneous Electrical Muscle Stimulation (TENS)

  • Pulse Magnetic Field Therapy (BIOMAG)

  • Wobble Cushions – Core stability and Strength Training

  • Exercise and rehabilitation programmes


Electrotherapy technique such as long wave ultrasound, laser therapy and pulse magnetic field therapy can be beneficial in treating both the initial inflammatory stage of injury and also in promoting a better-quality repair. Electrotherapy techniques are also beneficial in treating wounds and reducing subsequent scar tissue.

Massage/Manual Therapy

Hands on techniques are useful in reducing muscle spasm, relieving pain, reducing soft tissue adhesions, mobilising deep structures and improving joint mobility.
There are many types of massage. However, the choice of technique is based on the effect that is required. Massage can be used for relaxation and general well being, to increase circulation, lymphatic drainage, to relieve muscle spasm, improve body awareness, tissue lengthening and to build a bond with the animal. Physiotherapists use various massage techniques aimed to mobilise soft tissues in areas where there is restriction and lack of mobility. Assessment and treatment occur at the same time. Massage can be superficial or deep. The medical condition of the patient must be known to the therapist to ensure the correct treatment is given.

Passive Range of Movement

The objective of this treatment is to gently flex and extend the individual joint through a comfortable range of movement. Post-operatively or post-trauma, mid-range passive exercises effectively prevent complications and improve the rate of recovery and ultimate outcome. Stretching techniques move into end-range movements and should only be applied by an experienced veterinary physiotherapist.

Therapeutic ultrasound

Long Wave Ultrasound is a very effective treatment used in musculo-skeletal conditions where there is injury to muscles, tendons or ligaments and in conditions where joint movement is restricted or there is pain. It also helps with muscle spasm and wound healing.
The sound waves create a mechanical vibration generated by an acoustic source. The mechanical energy in the tissues is converted to heat, thereby improving circulation which provides pain relief, reduces muscle spasm and promotes healing.
Superficial heating treatments penetrate to about 1cm, but ultrasound can produce deep heat, increasing temperatures in the tissues to a depth of 3cm or deeper. There are many benefits but used without the correct training and knowledge it can cause damage instead of healing. It should therefore only be used by a qualified practitioner. The mechanical effect is created by ultrasound waves exerting pressure and tensile forces at molecular level in the tissues, i.e. a micro-massage effect.

Phototherapy and Red and Blue Light Laser Therapy

Light Amplified Stimulation Emission Radiation (Laser) Red Laser. This treatment produces the emission of a beam of radiation and different wavelengths penetrate to different depths of tissue which can stimulate cells in the body that repair tissue, reduce inflammation and pain. Because the red laser has a deeper penetration it has proved useful for tendon injuries. It is most effective in superficial vascular tissue such as open wounds, muscle, nerves and tendon sheaths. The non-invasive use of laser energy is used to generate a healing response in damaged and dysfunctional tissues which helps to speed wound healing and reduces scar tissue
 Blue Laser is specifically used to treat infected wound due to its antibacterial effect.

Thermotherapy – Cold and Hot (superficial vs. deep)

Recent injuries in the acute phase benefit from cooling, to reduce the amount of bleeding, swelling and pain. After 48 hours the same injury may benefit from heating, to increase the metabolism and therefore healing. Swelling is reduced by cold therapies and the heat has an analgesic (pain-relieving) effect. Using thermotherapy can reduce muscle spasm and decrease joint stiffness. Heat is usually applied with hot-packs or laser therapy (infrared).  Cold is applied with ice-packs, immersion in ice water or cold hosing.

Transcutaneous Electrical Muscle Stimulation (TENS)

Transcutaneous Electrical Muscle Stimulation (TENS) delivers low voltage electrical impulses to stimulate the nerves. The nerves block the pain signals from reaching the brain. These stimulators deliver a low voltage electrical signal for pain relief. TENS stimulates sensory and motor nerves to reduce pain after surgery but can also be used for chronic or acute pain associated with injury.  The electrical impulses can reduce the pain signal which may relieve pain and relax muscles. They may also stimulate the production of endorphins which are the bodies’ natural pain killers. Varying currents are used to relieve pain, for muscle re-education even when the nerve has been damaged, for prevention of muscle atrophy, to maintain or improve circulation and to improve joint movement. The electrical frequencies vary and it is important that they are applied correctly.

Pulse Magnetic Field Therapy (BIOMAG)

PMFT is dynamic magnets which restore or change a cells potential to enhance the body’s repair process. It has demonstrated excellent healing properties with fracture and bone repair, pain management, and nerve regeneration, induces vasodilatation in muscles to prepare in preparation for manual therapies and exercise and can be used to induce vasoconstriction to reduce swelling and acute inflammation in soft tissue relaxation and reducing inflammation in soft tissue. PMFT is very versatile and can help a number of conditions and penetrates deep into the structures (like the sacroiliac regions) it has a variety of different effects depending on the setting used. It
Promotes healing in all soft tissues, joints and muscles and is well tolerated, most patients appear soothed by the treatment and many relax and settle during the treatment.

Wobble Cushions – Core stability and Strength Training

Wobble cushion are used for rehabilitation and in older patients where immobility or disuse of limbs and muscles groups has been experienced. Wobble cushion work by challenging core stability to target the major supportive muscle groups, limbs, trunk and spine. They are also very good for targeting smaller muscle groups used for more intricate movements.

Exercise and rehabilitation programmes

Sarah is fully qualified in a number of treatments. Subject to veterinary referral, Sarah will undertake a full veterinary physiotherapy detailed assessment and ensure each treatment programme is tailored to your individual animals’ requirement. Following a detailed assessment treatment may include manual therapy, electrotherapy, thermal therapy, movement, soft tissue manipulation and a home programme package. Many of these techniques are used in combination to achieve maximum recovery for the patient.  
Sarah will be happy to answer any questions or concerns that an owner may have. Once a treatment has been given, Sarah will discuss her findings and recommendations. A home treatment programme may be given which will be individually prescribed to continue your animal’s rehabilitation. Home treatment programmes may include supportive exercises, proprioceptive enhancements diet and lifestyle management.
A written report will be provided for your veterinary surgeon as required.